Analytical Strategies for the Determination of Deoxynivalenol and its Modified Forms in Beer: A Mini Review
Keywords:DON, deoxynivalenol-3-glukosid, masked mycotoxins, HPLC-MS, GC-MS, ELISA
The aim of this review is to provide a brief overview of analytical methods used for the determination of deoxynivalenol and its modified forms deoxynivalenol-3-β-D-glucoside, 3-acetyl-deoxynivalenol and 15-acetyl-deoxynivalenol in beer. The analytical methods discussed involve gas chromatography coupled with flame ionization detection, electron capture detection and mass spectrometry as well as liquid chromatography hyphenated to ultra-violet detection and mass spectrometry. Special attention was paid to sample preparation. Immunochemical methods such as enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) which represent efficient tools for fast screening of beer with no sample purification are also discussed.