Evaluation of Czech hop varieties

Authors

  • Vladimír Nesvadba Hop Research Institute Co., Ltd., Saaz, Kadaňská 2525, 438 01 Žatec, Czech Republic
  • Jana Olšovská Research Institute of Brewing and Malting, Lípová 511/15, 120 00 Prague 2, Czech Republic
  • Lenka Straková Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of AgriSciences, Zemědělská 1, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic
  • Jitka Charvátová Hop Research Institute Co., Ltd., Saaz, Kadaňská 2525, 438 01 Žatec, Czech Republic

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18832/kp2021.67.428

Keywords:

hop, Humulus lupulus L., yield, alpha acids, variability

Abstract

Czech hop varieties are evaluated as part of maintenance breeding. Every year, this evaluation includes ten mother plants of each hop variety. Yield is determined in kilograms of fresh hops per plant. The t-test is used to determine significance. Results from the years 2014–2019 show that Gaia and Kazbek have the highest yield (3.17 kg/plant and 3.05 kg/plant, respectively). Their yield is higher than that of the Harmonie, Agnus, Bohemie, Premiant, Sládek, Boomerang and Saaz varieties. Saaz has the lowest hop yield, i.e. 1.85 kg/plant. Bor, Saaz Late, Saaz and Sládek show the lowest variability, which ranges between 20.56 and 20.58%. Gaia has the highest variability (34.33%). Gaia also has the highest alpha acid content (12.30%) with a probability of 95% to 99%. Vital and Boomerang have a higher alpha acid content than other Czech hop varieties (11.09% and 10.81%, respectively) with a probability of 99%. Saaz Late (3.42%) and Saaz (3.06%) have the lowest alpha acid content with a probability of 95% to 99%. The variability of alpha acid content is considerably lower than the hop yield variability. Rubín has the lowest year-on-year variability of all Czech varieties (4.81%). Vital and Gaia have a very low variability (5.63% and 5.72%, respectively). A higher variability of alpha acid content was found in Saaz Late, Premiant, Agnus, Saaz, Kazbek, Bor and Harmonie, ranging between 8.01% and 10.21%.

Hop variety Saaz Late

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Published

2021-04-15

How to Cite

Nesvadba, V., Olšovská, J., Straková, L., & Charvátová, J. (2021). Evaluation of Czech hop varieties. KVASNY PRUMYSL, 67(2), 428-434. https://doi.org/10.18832/kp2021.67.428

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Articles